Overdraft : Saving the Indian Saver By Dr Urjit Patel

HarperCollins is proud to announce a topical and hard-hitting book by the highly respected macro economist and former RBI Governor Urjit Patel. OVERDRAFT : Saving the Indian Saver

Urjit Patel was appointed RBI governor during a turbulent and tense period in 2016, when the problem of unsustainable bad debts or NPAs in the Indian banking sector was at its peak. He worked out the ‘9R’ strategy which would have saved our savings, rescued our banks and protected them from unscrupulous racketeers. In Overdraft, he explains the problem and how it blew up; and how he would have resolved it if he had not been prevented.



All of us love to spend. But before we can do that, we have to have earned or saved some money. Only sovereigns don’t have to: they can print money, or borrow; in our country, where they own banks, they can use our deposits to lend and splurge for goals that may not always be economic in nature. Many rulers have succumbed to the temptation, with dire results – inflation, debased currency, payments crises, bankrupt banks, economic stagnation, loss of public confidence. After centuries of ruinous experiences, some governments learnt, others haven’t, to control themselves, create self-governing Central banks and let them manage money and regulate banks.

Sometime in 2015, news of unsustainable bad debts (non-performing assets or NPAs) in the Indian banking sector started to first trickle out, and then became a flood. In the forefront were some of India’s largest government banks, and a series of tycoons who were running their empires on unpaid debts. The banks’ problems landed on the table of Urjit Patel when he became Governor of Reserve Bank of India in September 2016. Based on thirty years of macroeconomic experience, he worked out the ‘9R’ strategy which would save our savings, rescue our banks and protect them from unscrupulous racketeers. In this book, he explains the problem and how it blew up; and how he would have resolved it if he had not been prevented.

‘We are proud to publish Dr Urjit Patel’s in-depth book on the banking crisis and how it can be solved. Dr Patel is one of the country’s foremost macro economists and as Governor of the RBI was deeply engaged in implementing the clean-up of NPAs. His knowledge and expertise make for an absorbing book on a crisis that affects us all.’-  Krishan Chopra, Publisher.


Urjit R. Patel served as the twenty-fourth Governor of the Reserve Bank of India. During his tenure he was a director of the Bank for International Settlements, and a member of the Advisory Board of the Financial Stability Institute. Before his governorship he was the Deputy Governor in charge of monetary policy; he chaired a committee on strengthening monetary policy. From 2013 to 2018 he was Principal/Deputy in the G-20 and BRICS Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors groups. Earlier he worked with Reliance Industries and Infrastructure Development Finance Company. He began his career as an economist with the International Monetary Fund. He has been a consultant to the Indian Ministry of Finance, and a Non-resident Senior Fellow of Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C. Last year he was awarded the Wilbur Cross Medal by Yale University. He is Honorary Fellow, Linacre College, Oxford.

Releasing on 24th July 2020

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