Taking the unusual step of identifying by name six of those it says were behind systematic crimes targeting the ethnic minority, investigators working for the UN’s top human rights body have said that Myanmar military leaders should be prosecuted for genocide against Rohingya Muslims .
Myanmar’s top military generals must be investigated for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, says a new report by @UN_HRC Independent Fact-Finding Mission: https://t.co/VtzPikK5NZ pic.twitter.com/NYOHJijyhd
— United Nations (@UN) August 27, 2018
The call, accompanying a first report by the team of investigators, amounts to some of the strongest language yet from UN officials who have denounced alleged human rights violations in Myanmar since a bloody crackdown began last August.
The three-member “fact-finding mission” and their team, working under a mandate from the UN-backed Human Rights Council, meticulously assembled hundreds of accounts from expatriate Rohingya, as well as satellite footage and other information to assemble the report.
“The military’s contempt for human life, dignity and freedom — for international law in general — should be a cause of concern for the entire population of Myanmar, and to the international community as a whole,” said fact-finding mission chair Marzuki Darusman, a former Indonesian attorney-general, at a news conference.
— United Nations (@UN) July 6, 2018
The council created the mission in March last year — nearly six months before a string of deadly rebel attacks on security and police posts set off a crackdown that drove Rohingya to flee into neighbouring Bangladesh. The UN estimates that more than 700,000 have fled.
The team compiled accounts of crimes including gang rape, the torching of hundreds of villages, enslavement, and killings of children — some before their eyes of their own parents. The team was not granted access to Myanmar and has decried a lack of cooperation or even response from the government, which received an early copy of the report.
You wouldn’t believe the horrors Rubena, 11, has been through.
— UNICEF (@UNICEF) August 26, 2018
The team cited a “conservative” estimate from aid group Reporters Without Borders that some 10,000 people were killed in the violence, but outside investigators have had no access to the affected regions — making a precise accounting elusive, if not impossible. Above all, the investigators said the situation in Myanmar should be referred to the International Criminal Court, and if not, to a special tribunal. Last week, Myanmar’s government rejected any cooperation with the ICC, to which it is not a party.